Great Lakes Region

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Current Import Exposure is Very High throughout the Great Lakes region.

  • For information about import exposure, see our blog.
  • For an explanation of the numbers in the table, click here.

Great Lakes Region

Import exposure in the Great Lakes region as a whole is currently very high.  GLTAAC estimates that 84% of Great Lakes manufacturers are presently facing rising imports, and that manufacturing imports are up by an average of 7.0% in the region.

Indiana

Import exposure in Indiana is currently very high – GLTAAC estimates that 84% of Indiana’s manufacturers are presently facing rising imports, and that year-over-year manufacturing imports are up by an average of 7.4% in the state.

The intensity of import exposure in Indiana is markedly greater than in the broader region or for the nation as a whole.  The biggest single reason for this is the high level of imports faced by manufacturers in the RV industry, which is concentrated in the northwest portion of the state.  (RV imports are currently up 40%.)

Michigan

Import exposure in Michigan is currently very high – GLTAAC estimates that 83% of Great Lakes manufacturers are presently facing rising imports, and that year-over-year manufacturing imports are up by an average of 6.3% in the state.

Nevertheless, Michigan’s numbers are somewhat lower than the rest of the region and the U.S. as a whole.  Although auto part imports are increasing (5.7% across the entire industry group), they are rising slower than most other manufactured goods, which is the main reason Michigan’s import exposure numbers are below the nation’s at present.  Michigan’s concentration of tool & die shops and miscellaneous manufacturers, coupled with its smaller number of kitchen cabinet makers, is the primary cause behind the state’s lower import exposure stats compared to Indiana and Ohio.  (Year-over-year import volumes of those industries’ products currently stand at -3.4%, 2.7%, and 9.6%, respectively.)

Ohio

Import exposure in Ohio is currently very high – GLTAAC estimates that 85% of Great Lakes manufacturers are presently facing rising imports, and that year-over-year manufacturing imports are up by an average of 7.4% in the state.

 

Historic Data

Explanation of Graph

  • This graph is a compilation of import exposure over time.
  • The vertical axis indicates the percentage of all tri-state manufacturing establishments that are in industries facing year-over-year increases in imports. The horizontal axis is time; data are monthly.  The colors indicate the intensity of import competition, and the areas are additive.
  • Thus, looking at the first data point (at the far left of the graph, reading from the bottom up) – it indicates that 74% of all Great Lakes manufacturing establishments were in industries that had experienced at least a 10% increase in imports for the 12 months ending January 2011 compared to the 12 months ending January 2010. 7% were in industries where imports had increased by 5-10% (meaning that 74% + 7% = 81% were in industries where imports increased by at least 5%.  Note that the second line from the bottom hits the vertical axis at 74 +7 = 81%).  And 3% of all Indiana-Michigan-Ohio manufacturing establishments were in industries where imports increased by less than 5% for the year-over-year period ending with January 2011.
  • The graph thus presents this import data for each year-over-year period ending every month from January 2011 through the present.  In so doing, it depicts the breadth of import impact (illustrated by the total height of the area graph), as well as its depth or intensity (indicated by height of the individual lines at any single point in time).
  • Further, understanding that most of the effects of foreign competition on businesses compound over time, the amount of red in the graph can also be thought of as representing the cumulative pressure of imports on the entire Great Lakes manufacturing sector over the past 8 years.

 

Questions?

If you have questions about GLTAAC’s Import Exposure Status, just contact us at gltaac@umich.edu.